Ridgefield NWR Bird List
As of January 2002
T
hese symbols are used in the bird list:

Season Symbols:
Sp - Spring (March-May)
S - Summer (June-July)
F - Fall (August-November)
W - Winter (December-February)
Season Abundance Symbols:
c - Common, certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - Uncommon, present but not certain to be seen
o - Occasionally seen
r - Rare, known to be present, but not every year
ac - Accidental
Notes:
     * - Known to nest on refuge
    &nbspE/T - Endangered or Threatened
 
Common Name Sp S F W   Common Name
Sp
S
F
W

Loons

 
Swans, Geese and Ducks, cont.
Red-throated Loon
r
 
r
o
  Brant
o
 
o
o
Pacific Loon
r
 
 
r
  Trumpeter Swan
o
 
o
o
Common Loon
r
 
r
r
  Tundra Swan
u
r
u
c

Grebes

  Wood Duck*
c
c
u
o
Pied-billed Grebe*
c
c
c
c
  Gadwall*
c
u
c
c
Horned Grebe
o
 
o
r
  Eurasian Wigeon
u
 
u
u
Red-necked Grebe
 
 
r
  
  American Wigeon*
c
r
c
c
Eared Grebe
 
 
r
r
  Mallard*
c
c
c
c
Western Grebe
o
 
o
o
  Blue-winged Teal*
u
u
r
r

Pelicans

  Cinnamon Teal*
c
c
u
o
American White Pelican
r
 
 
r
  Northern Shoveler*
c
o
c
c

Cormorants

  Northern Pintail*
u
u
c
c
Double-crested Cormorant
c
o
u
u
  Green-winged Teal
c
o
c
c

Bitterns, Herons, Egrets, and Ibis

  Canvasback
 
 
o
o
American Bittern*
c
u
u
o
  Redhead
o
 
 
o
Great Blue Heron*
c
c
c
c
  Ring-necked Duck
c
 
o
c
Great Egret*
u
u
u
u
  Tufted Duck
 
 
 
ac
Cattle Egret
 
r
 
r
  Greater Scaup
o
 
o
o
Green Heron
o
o
o
r
  Lesser Scaup
c
o
c
c
Black-crowned Night Heron
o
o
r
r
  Harlequin Duck
ac
 
 
 
White-faced Ibis
ac
ac
 
  
  Surf Scoter
 
 
ac
 

American Vultures

  White-winged Scoter
 
 
ac
 
Turkey Vulture
u
u
u
r
  Bufflehead
u
 
o
c

Swans, Geese and Ducks

  Common Goldeneye
u
 
o
u
Greater White-fronted Goose
u
r
u
o
  Barrow's Goldeneye
 
 
 
r
Emperor Goose
 
 
r
r
  Hooded Merganser*
u
o
o
o
Snow Goose
o
 
o
u
  Common Merganser*
c
 
o
c
Ross' Goose
 
 
r
r
  Red-breasted Merganser
 
 
 
r
Canada Goose*
c
u
c
c
  Ruddy Duck*
u
o
o
u
  

TOP

Common Name Sp S F W   Common Name
Sp
S
F
W

Osprey, Kites, Hawks and Eagles

 

Sandpipers and Phalaropes, cont.

Osprey
u
u
r
r
  Western Sandpiper
u
u
u
r
White-tailed Kite  
ac
ac
    Least Sandpiper
u
u
u
o
Bald Eagle * - E/T
u
u
u
c
  Baird's Sandpiper    
r
 
Northern Harrier*
c
u
c
c
  Pectoral Sandpiper    
o
 
Sharp-shinned Hawk
o
o
o
o
  Sharp-tailed Sandpiper    
r
 
Cooper's Hawk
o
o
o
o
  Dunlin
c
     
Northern Goshawk
r
        Short-billed Dowitcher    
r
 
Red-shouldered Hawk
r
 
o
o
  Long-billed Dowitcher
u
o
u
o
Red-tailed Hawk *
c
c
c
c
  Common Snipe*
u
o
u
c
Rough-legged Hawk
o
 
o
u
  Wilson's Phalarope*
o
r
o
 
Golden Eagle
r
r
 
r
  Red-necked Phalarope
r
r
r
 

Falcons

  Red Phalarope
ac
 
ac
 
American Kestrel*
c
c
c
c
 

Gulls and Terns

Merlin
o
  o
o
  Bonaparte's Gull
o
r
o
r
Peregrine Falcon E/T
r
r
o
o
  Mew Gull
u
r
o
c
Prairie Falcon     r
r
  Ring-billed Gull
c
o
o
c
Gallinaceous Birds
 
California Gull
c
o
u
c
Ring-necked Pheasant*
u
o
u
u
  Herring Gull
u
 
o
u
Ruffed Grouse*
o
o
o
o
  Thayer's Gull
c
o
u
c
California Quail*
r
r
r
r
  Glaucous-winged Gull
c
o
u
c

Rails, Coots and Cranes

  Glaucous Gull
r
   
r
Virginia Rail*
o
o
u
u
  Caspian Tern
r
o
o
 
Sora*
u
u
r
r
  Black Tern*
r
r
r
 
American Coot*
c
c
c
c
 
Pigeons and Doves
Sandhill Crane
c
r
c
o
  Rock Dove*
c
c
   

Plovers

  Band-tailed Pigeon
o
o
o
o
Black-bellied Plover     o
o
  Mourning Dove*
u
c
u
o
Semipalmated Plover
o
  o    

Owls

Killdeer*
c
c
c
c
  Barn Owl* u
u
u
u

Stilts and Avocets

  Western Screech-Owl* o
o
o
o
Black-necked Stilt*
ac
        Great Horned Owl* u
u
u
u
American Avocet     ac     Snowy Owl     r  

Sandpipers and Phalaropes

  Northern Pygmy-Owl o
o
o
o
Greater Yellowlegs
o
 
u
o
  Short-eared Owl o   o
o
Lesser Yellowlegs
o
 
u
r
 

Nightjars

Solitary Sandpiper
r
r
      Common Nighthawk  
o
o
 
Spotted Sandpiper*
o
o
u
   

Swifts

Long-billed Curlew
ac
        Vaux's Swift  
u
u
o
Sanderling    
ac
ac
   
Semipalmated Sandpiper    
o
   

TOP

Common Name Sp S F W   Common Name
Sp
S
F
W

Hummingbirds

 

Larks

Anna's Hummingbird
r
r
r
r
  Horned Lark    
r
 
Rufous Hummingbird*
u
u
o
    Vireos        

Kingfishers

  Cassin's Vireo r o    
Belted Kingfisher*
c
u
c
u
  Hutton's Vireo r r r r

Woodpeckers

  Warbling Vireo* u u    
Lewis' Woodpecker
r
 
r
r
  Red-eyed Vireo* o o o  
Red-naped Sapsucker    
ac
   

Crows, Jays and Magpies

Red-breasted Sapsucker*
o
o
o
o
  Gray Jay r     r
Downy Woodpecker*
c
c
c
c
  Steller's Jay* c u u c
Hairy Woodpecker*
o
o
o
o
  Western Scrub-Jay* c c c c
Northern Flicker*
c
c
c
c
  Black-billed Magpie ac   ac  
Pileated Woodpecker*
o
o
o
o
  American Crow* c c c c

Tyrant Flycatchers

 

Swallows

Olive-sided Flycatcher
o
o
o
    Purple Martin* u u u  
Western Wood-Pewee*
u
c
u
    Tree Swallow* c c u r
Dusky Flycatcher
ac
 
ac
    Violet-green Swallow* c c o r
Willow Flycatcher*
u
u
u
 
 
Northern Rough-winged Swallow* o u u  
Least Flycatcher
ac
ac
      Bank Swallow* r r u  
Hammond's Flycatcher
o
o
r
    Cliff Swallow* u u u  
Pacific-slope Flycatcher*
u
c
r
    Barn Swallow* c c c r
Say's Phoebe
r
       

Chickadees

Vermillion Flycatcher      
ac
  Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c
Ash-throated Flycatcher    
ac
    Chestnut-backed Chickadee* o o o o
Western Kingbird
r
r
     

Nuthatches

Eastern Kingbird
r
        Red-breasted Nuthatch* o o o o

Shrikes

  White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c
Loggerhead Shrike
r
 
 
 
 

Bushtits

Northern Shrike
o
 
o
o
  Common bushtit*
c
c
c
c

TOP

Common Name
Sp
S
F
W
  Common Name
Sp
S
F
W
Creepers
 
Towhees and Sparrows
Brown Creeper* o o o o   Spotted Towhee*
c
c
c
c
Wrens
  American Tree Sparrow ac
 
 
 
Bewick's Wren*
c
c
c
c
  Chipping Sparrow o
o
o
r
House Wren*
r
c
o
  
  Vesper Sparrow r
 
r
 
Winter Wren*
u
u
o
c
  Fox Sparrow o
 
o
u
Marsh Wren*
c
c
u
u
  Song Sparrow* c
c
c
c
Kinglets
  Lincoln's Sparrow o
 
u
u
Golden-crowned Kinglet
c
o
c
c
  Swamp Sparrow  
 
o
o
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
u
o
u
u
  Savannah Sparrow* c
c
u
o
Thrushes
  White-throated Sparrow
r
 
o
o
Western Bluebird
r
 
 
 
  Harris' Sparrow
 
 
 
ac
Swainson's Thrush*
u
c
u
 
  White-crowned Sparrow*
u
u
u
u
Hermit Thrush
u
 
o
o
  Golden-crowned Sparrow
u
 
u
u
American Robin*
c
c
c
c
  Dark-eyed Junco
c
o
c
c
Varied Thrush
o
 
o
u
  Lapland Longspur
 
 
ac
 
Mynas
 
Grosbeaks and Buntings
European Starling* c c c c   Black-headed Grosbeak*
o
c
o
 
Pipits
  Lazuli Bunting
 
r
 
 
American Pipit
u
 
c
u
 
Blackbirds, Meadowlarks and Orioles
Waxwings
  Red-winged Blackbird*
c
c
u
c
Cedar Waxwing*
u
c
u
o
  Western Meadowlark*
u
o
u
u
Warblers
  Yellow-headed Blackbird*
u
u
 
 
Orange-crowned Warbler*
c
u
o
o
  Brewer's Blackbird*
c
c
c
c
Nashville Warbler
o
o
 
 
  Brown-headed Cowbird*
c
c
u
o
Yellow Warbler*
o
u
 
 
  Bullock's Oriole*
r
u
o
 
Chestnut-sided Warbler
 
ac
 
 
 
Finches
Yellow-rumped Warbler
c
o
u
u
  Purple Finch*
u
u
u
u
Black-throated Gray Warbler
u
r
u
 
  House Finch*
c
c
u
c
Townsend's Warbler
o
 
o
o
  Red Crossbill
o
r
r
r
Palm Warbler
 
  
 
ac
  Common Redpoll
 
 
 
ac
Black-and-white Warber
 
ac
 
 
  Pine Siskin*
o
o
o
o
Northern Waterthrush
 
 
ac
 
  American Goldfinch*
c
c
u
u
MacGillivray's Warbler*
 
u
r
 
  Lesser Goldfinch
r
 
 
r
Common Yellowthroat*
c
c
u
 
  Evening Grosbeak
o
 
 
 
Wilson's Warbler
c
o
o
 
 
Weaver Finches
Yellow-breasted Chat
r
r
 
 
  House Sparrow*
u
u
u
u
Tanagers
 
 
Western Tanager*
u
u
r